Pain Medication Addiction
Painkiller addiction is one of the most widespread and least understood addictions in society today. Painkiller addiction is often defined by a compulsive use of painkillers that lead to harm or some form of dysfunction, and the continued use of painkillers in spite of this harm or dysfunction. There are several formats in which pain medications are distributed from over the counter medications to the addictive prescription based pain medications.
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Prescription Painkiller Drug Addiction Rehabilitation
You can turn it around now! Get real help with prescription painkiller addiction in South Africa.
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Prescription medications are most frequently prescribed in a way that will decrease the chances for patients to develop dependence, tolerance or addiction. Most pain medication is only prescribed on a short term basis. When these prescription drugs are over used or misused, the risks of dependence and addiction start to emerge. Using prescription medication outside of what is prescribed by your doctor is a clear sign of a developing addiction to pain medications.
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Opioid drugs function by blocking the opioid receptors in the brain and spinal cord. They limit the transmission of pain messages to the brain and so inhibit the brain’s ability to process “feeling pain”.[/su_box]
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Low-efficacy opioids include codeine which is often used in combination with over the counter painkillers like paracetamol and ibuprofen. Moderate-efficacy opioids include dihydrocodeine, common in tilidine and tramadol. These opioids are designed for moderate pain relief – they should not be taken with other opioids or alcohol. High-efficacy opioids are designed for more extreme pain relief and includes morphine and pethidine.
Need Help With Your/Loved one’s Pain Medication Addiction?
Recovery Direct’s specialised addiction and trauma counsellors are specialists in handling patients with painkiller addiction issues.
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|Street Names||Commercial Names||Common Forms||Common Ways Taken||Schedule|
|Captain Cody, Cody, Lean, Schoolboy, Sizzurp, Purple Drank |
With gluteth- imide: Doors & Fours, Loads, Pancakes and Syrup
|Codeine (various brand names)||Tablet, capsule, liquid||Injected, swallowed (often mixed with soda and flavorings)||II, III, V**|
|Apache, China Girl, China White, Dance Fever, Friend, Goodfella, Jackpot, Murder 8, Tango and Cash, TNT||Fentanyl (Actiq®, Duragesic®, Sublimaze®)||Lozenge, sublingual tablet, film, buccal tablet||Injected, smoked, snorted||II**|
|Vike, Watson-387||Hydrocodone or dihydrocodeinone (Vicodin®, Lortab®, Lorcet®, and others)||Capsule, liquid, tablet||Swallowed, snorted, injected||II**|
|D, Dillies, Footballs, Juice, Smack||Hydromorphone (Dilaudid®)||Liquid, suppository||Injected, rectal||II**|
|Demmies, Pain Killer||Meperidine (Demerol®)||Tablet, liquid||Swallowed, snorted, injected||II**|
|Amidone, Fizzies |
With MDMA: Chocolate Chip Cookies
|Methadone (Dolophine®, Methadose®)||Tablet, dispersible tablet, liquid||Swallowed, injected||II**|
|M, Miss Emma, Monkey, White Stuff||Morphine (Duramorph®, Roxanol®)||Tablet, liquid, capsule, suppository||Injected, swallowed, smoked||II, III**|
|O.C., Oxycet, Oxycotton, Oxy, Hillbilly Heroin, Percs||Oxycodone (OxyContin®, Percodan®, Percocet®, and others)||Capsule, liquid, tablet||Swallowed, snorted, injected||II**|
|Biscuits, Blue Heaven, Blues, Mrs. O, O Bomb, Octagons, Stop Signs||Oxymorphone (Opana®)||Tablet||Swallowed, snorted, injected||II**|
|Possible Health Effects|
|Short-term||Pain relief, drowsiness, nausea, constipation, euphoria, confusion, slowed breathing, death.|
|Other Health-related Issues||Pregnancy: Miscarriage, low birth weight, neonatal abstinence syndrome. |
Older adults: higher risk of accidental misuse or abuse because many older adults have multiple prescriptions, increasing the risk of drug-drug interactions, and breakdown of drugs slows with age; also, many older adults are treated with prescription medications for pain.
Risk of HIV, hepatitis, and other infectious diseases from shared needles.
|In Combination with Alcohol||Dangerous slowing of heart rate and breathing leading to coma or death.|
|Withdrawal Symptoms||Restlessness, muscle and bone pain, insomnia, diarrhea, vomiting, cold flashes with goose bumps (“cold turkey”), leg movements.|
|Behavioural Therapies||Behavioural therapies that have helped treat addiction to heroin may be useful in treating prescription opioid addiction.|
Drug addiction issues are not limited to illicit drug use. Prescription and over the counter medication play a significant role in the greater addiction picture, especially on the painkiller front. Recovery Direct are experts in helping patients addicted to painkiller medication. Chat to one of our addiction counsellors today to get the help you need.