Cognition is a mental process that enables us to be aware of our thoughts and to respond to them by using faculties like attention, memory, knowledge, experience, sensory input, analysis, reasoning, comprehension, evaluation and judgement. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) empowers you to take control of your thoughts and teaches you how to deal with daily problematic events, your reactions and behaviours.
There are ways we can challenge our thoughts:
Awareness: Being conscious of the feedback from our senses of touch, taste, sight, smell and hearing, as well as being alert to emotions evoked by our thoughts.
Mindfulness: Identifying a thought for what it really is, rather than letting it mislead us into accepting it as an irrefutable truth. Allows us to marginalise and manage thoughts, instead of blindly allowing them to dictate our feelings or responses.
Living in the present: Allows you to subdue thoughts about the past and the future and to accept thoughts about the present as the only reality. By neutrally observing a thought, like a disaffected onlooker, you can evaluate it impersonally and decide if it is important in the here and now – if it is not, you can dismiss it.
Remedial learning: By acquiring the skills to change our disarrayed thoughts into more compliant ones, we can diminish anxiety, stress, depression and disenchantment. We can unlearn old habits and acquire new ones. We can learn to think and act more sensibly.